The Supreme Court of Russia refused to accept the application of a group of Russians to cancel two documents related to the country’s climate policy. Deutsche Welle drew attention to the court’s decision.
In mid-September 2022, the Moscow Helsinki Group, the Ecodefense!-Women’s Council movement, and eighteen Russians demanded that the presidential decree and annex to Russia’s climate strategy be cancelled. The plaintiffs argued that the documents provide for a multi-year increase in greenhouse gas emissions, which violates the rights of Russians to life and health.
The actual increase in greenhouse gas emissions violates the basic rights of citizens, the authors of the lawsuit pointed out. Greenhouse gases are one of the main factors of global warming, because of which the world has become more frequent and intensified showers and heat. They, in turn, cause natural disasters, leading to the death of people and animals, the destruction of homes and infrastructure.
The lawsuit stated that in 2010 the abnormal heat in Russia was the direct cause of more than 50,000 premature deaths. The number of heat-related deaths in 2021 and 2022 has yet to be established.
If the claim was rejected by the Russian court, the activists planned to apply to the European Court of Human Rights. This could be done until September 16, 2022.
- In June 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law a law on non-execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights issued after March 15, 2022. A number of lawyers and human rights activists insisted that the European Convention on Human Rights applies to Russia for another six months after its exclusion from the Council of Europe – until September 16, 2022.
- Russia is one of the world’s largest sources of methane, a greenhouse gas that is 80 times more likely to contribute to global warming than carbon dioxide in the short term. At the UN climate summit in November 2021, more than a hundred countries agreed to cut their methane emissions by at least 30% by 2030. Russia did not support the agreement.