The International Commission of Human Rights Experts has presented initial findings on the conflict between the current government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) that has been going on since 2020. From the UNPO report it follows that the country’s authorities have committed crimes against the population, including extrajudicial executions, sexual violence and starvation. Ethiopia disagrees with the conclusions of the report.
“The report concludes that there are reasonable grounds to believe that violations such as extrajudicial executions, rape, sexual violence and civilian starvation as a method of warfare have been committed in Ethiopia since November 3, 2020. The Commission finds reasonable grounds to consider that these violations amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity,” the report of the international commission says.
Ethiopia’s Permanent Representative to the UN in Geneva, Zenebe Kebede Korcho, criticized the report: “The report itself is contradictory and biased, it does not pay any attention to the atrocities committed in the Afar and Amhara regions, and focuses on Tigray. The only source they spoke to was the TPLF itself.”
In November 2020, in the north of the country, the Ethiopian authorities announced a military operation due to an attack on the government of the Tigray Popular Liberation Front, which dominated the political life of Ethiopia for almost 30 years, until 2012. In the summer of 2021, the government announced a ceasefire. Later, the TPLF established control over part of Tigray. In the spring, the Ethiopian authorities introduced an indefinite humanitarian truce to deliver humanitarian aid to Tigray. In March, the parties agreed on a truce. In June, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali announced the formation of a committee to negotiate with the TPLF.
Read more about the war in Ethiopia in the Kommersant publication “For Land and Water”.